Napoleon once said, “Never interrupt your enemy while he is making a mistake”. Winning becomes so much easier if your competitor is making a mistake. But what if it’s you who are actually making a mistake while your competitors are off to the targets? There’s no way you are going to figure it out until you know what your competitors are up to. And to know your competitors well, you must conduct a deep Competitive Analysis.

Whether you are a veteran having year’s long experience in the marketplace or a newbie getting ready to bring your product for the very first time. Chances of other companies offering a similar product and service as you are pretty high. You can consider these companies as your potential targets with whom you have to compete in the market.

competitive analysis

GIF Source: – Mike Unruh

Establishing an edge over these competitors is mandatory to survive in today’s competitive market scenario. But the main concern is how to get that extra edge over others?

The solution lies in conducting a deep analysis of your competitor’s strategy. Knowing what your competitors are doing, how they think about the market, what tactics they are using, etc can make all the difference in the battle for acquiring customers.

The weakness of your enemy forms the part of your strength.

Finding the greatest weakness of your competitor is the key element of success. Take notes of chinks in their armor and never stop learning from them.

competitive analysis

Competitive analysis is not just about skimming through the competitor’s profiles on social media. But also acquiring complete knowledge and insights about their business. This, in turn, will help you to make better decisions for your marketing strategy.

Competitive analysis is a continuous process and should be conducted regularly. It helps you to outsmart your competitors and stay one step ahead of them. The good news is you don’t have to spend thousands of dollars or days to analyze your competitors. By spending a couple of hours online and using a few free tools you can get most of the information you need to get a full picture of your competitor’s strength and weakness. Based on the information, you can formulate a plan to exploit their weakness to your advantage.

Why Competitive Analysis?

Competitive research or analysis is a part of strategic research through which you collect and analyze the information about your rival firms. Conducting competitive research is completely legal; it’s just collecting information about your competitors available in the public domain. Once you conduct competitive research you will be able to answer these important questions:

  • How my company stands out? What makes it unique?
  • How does user experience on my website differ from the competitor’s website?
  • What customers think of my company compared to that of my competitor’s?

competitive analysis

Here’s a simple 7 step framework about how to do a competitive analysis:

Choose Your Competitors

Before you get started with competitor research the foremost requirement is to make a list of top 10 possible competitors. To identify the competitors you can use the free online tools such as Alexa, SEMRush, SimilarWEB or simply google search. Look out for the competitors who:

  • Sell similar type of product or service
  • Targeting the audience of similar or slightly different demographics
  • Are both new or experienced in the marketplace

You should be careful while sorting out the list of competitors. In other words, if you are making shoes in a small warehouse, don’t choose Nike or Adidas as your competitors unless you are directly competing with them. If your customer base is mainly local, regional and limited to a certain demographic, then select local or regional competitors for your analysis.

Categorize Your Competitors

categories customer

Once you are done with choosing the right competitors, now it’s time to categorize them, this will help you better to determine how they will relate to your business. You can categorize them in the following three groups:

  1. Primary Competitors

These are your direct competitors, offer the same product & service, aim for the same target audience and make earnings from the same way you do. For example, Apple is a direct competitor of Samsung in the Smartphone marketplace and Adidas is a direct competitor of Nike in the shoe category.

  1. Secondary Competitors

These are almost the same as direct competitors; they don’t offer the product or service as you do, but they fulfill the need of the same customer base as yours. For example, Dominos and McDonalds are indirect competitors they sell pizza and hamburgers respectively, but they both the target the same audience.

  1. Tertiary Competitors

Tertiary competitors are also known as replacement competitors can create an obstacle in the market analysis because of their unpredictability. They don’t target the same customer base and sell slightly different product and service as you do.  They can replace your product with a newer, faster and more productive solution and there’s very little you could do to prevent consumers to prefer those options.

Describe Their Offering

This is one of the easiest steps to follow as most of the companies provide their offering on the public website. You can download the brochures and data sheet easily from the respective website to get a clear understanding of the product or service they are offering.

Make sure to build a list of their product and compare them with your offering, this process will give you a fair about the dissimilarities between you and your competitors.

Summarize Their Online Presence

This is one of the most important aspects of competitive research. What makes it most important is that online presence holds the potential to win advantage over your competitors or to lose it. Everyone starts their buying process with an online search. It’s mandatory for you to understand your competitor’s online presence and by comparing it with your presence you can have a fair about your product positioning.

online presence

Few factors that you can consider while investigating their online presence:

  • Lookout for their website structure
  • Analyze their keyword performance
  • How much and what type of content they are sharing
  • Ways to engage their site visitors- email, phone number, and contact form

List Their Strength

To beat your customers it is essential to know their stronger attributes. Be honest while compiling the list of their strengths compared to your company. Some of the aspects to include in their strength are Company size, value proposition, quality standard, pricing, delivery time, etc.

Some other strengths to mention in the list, while doing competitive analysis are web traffic, ease of doing business, keyword ranking, quality content, ways to engage visitors, etc.

List Their Weakness

Knowing the weakness of your competitors may help you to identify your own strengths. Perhaps, you can turn their weakness into your strength to gain a competitive advantage over them. To identify their weakness you can look onto aspects like Small team size, Building size, Low net profit, Poor sales effort, etc

Be sure to make a list of their weakness in their online presence as well. That includes poor website structure, Non-mobile responsive website, confusing and frustrating interface, slow page loading time, Lack of useful content etc.

Identify Area For Improvement

After completing all the above steps, you now have a better idea and understanding of what your competitors are all about.

Gather all the information about each competitor and make a list of areas that need improvement. And after analyzing your competitors, you surely would find a few aspects you need to improve on. Providing a better and improved version of the product would easily convince customers to choose your product over competitors.


You won’t get success overnight; competitive analysis is an ongoing process. It should be conducted at regular intervals to gain the advantage it needs to outsmart your competitors. Take necessary measures and track your progress by using tools like Google Analytics, Moz, Webmaster tools. This will give a fair about what’s working for you and what isn’t.

Incase, you need and help regarding the research of your competitors,feel free to drop us a message. Our team of seasoned product managers and business analyst would be happy to help you anytime.

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